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Frankreich c

frankreich c

Jan. Frankreich. Die drei großen „C“. Schon die Wikinger wussten die Vorzüge der Normandie zu schätzen. Sie wählten die Region im Nordwesten. Über Sehenswürdigkeiten in Frankreich informiert diese Seite ausführlich. Oft stehen in Frankreich. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. Die Liste der Städte in Frankreich (ohne französische Überseegebiete) bietet einen Überblick über die Entwicklung der Einwohnerzahl der größeren Städte des.

Descartes revitalised Western philosophy , which had been declined after the Greek and Roman eras. French philosophers produced some of the most important political works of the Age of Enlightenment.

In The Spirit of the Laws , Baron de Montesquieu theorised the principle of separation of powers , which has been implemented in all liberal democracies since it was first applied in the United States.

Voltaire came to embody the Enlightenment with his defence of civil liberties, such as the right to a free trial and freedom of religion. France has a long and varied musical history.

It experienced a golden age in the 17th century thanks to Louis XIV, who employed a number of talented musicians and composers in the royal court.

After the death of the "Roi Soleil", French musical creation lost dynamism, but in the next century the music of Jean-Philippe Rameau reached some prestige, and today he is still one of the most renowned French composers.

Rameau became the dominant composer of French opera and the leading French composer for the harpsichord. French composers played an important role during the music of the 19th and early 20th century, which is considered to be the Romantic music era.

Romantic music emphasised a surrender to nature, a fascination with the past and the supernatural, the exploration of unusual, strange and surprising sounds, and a focus on national identity.

This period was also a golden age for operas. French composers from the Romantic era included: Later came precursors of modern classical music.

Maurice Ravel and Claude Debussy are the most prominent figures associated with Impressionist music. Debussy was among the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and his use of non-traditional scales and chromaticism influenced many composers who followed.

The two composers invented new musical forms [] [] [] [] and new sounds. More recently, the middle of the 20th century, Maurice Ohana , Pierre Schaeffer and Pierre Boulez contributed to the evolutions of contemporary classical music.

French music then followed the rapid emergence of pop and rock music at the middle of the 20th century. In the s and s decade , electronic duos Daft Punk , Justice and Air also reached worldwide popularity and contributed to the reputation of modern electronic music in the world.

Among current musical events and institutions in France, many are dedicated to classical music and operas. It is noted for having a strong film industry, due in part to protections afforded by the French government.

France remains a leader in filmmaking, as of [update] producing more films than any other European country. Apart from its strong and innovative film tradition, France has also been a gathering spot for artists from across Europe and the world.

For this reason, French cinema is sometimes intertwined with the cinema of foreign nations. Conversely, French directors have had prolific and influential careers in other countries, such as Luc Besson , Jacques Tourneur , or Francis Veber in the United States.

Until recently, France had for centuries been the cultural center of the world, [] although its dominant position has been surpassed by the United States.

Subsequently, France takes steps in protecting and promoting its culture, becoming a leading advocate of the cultural exception. S and Israel, voted against it.

Fashion has been an important industry and cultural export of France since the 17th century, and modern "haute couture" originated in Paris in the s.

The expression Haute couture is, in France, a legally protected name, guaranteeing certain quality standards. The association of France with fashion and style French: But France renewed its dominance of the high fashion French: The French perfume industry is world leader in its sector and is centered on the town of Grasse.

The s saw a conglomeration of many French couture houses under luxury giants and multinationals such as LVMH. Like in most industrialised nations, the print media have been affected by a severe crisis in the past decade.

In , the government launched a major initiative to help the sector reform and become financially independent, [] [] but in it had to give , euros to help the print media cope with the economic crisis , in addition to existing subsidies.

In , after years of centralised monopoly on radio and television, the governmental agency ORTF was split into several national institutions, but the three already-existing TV channels and four national radio stations [] [] remained under state-control.

It was only in that the government allowed free broadcasting in the territory, ending state monopoly on radio. In , the government created global news channel France According to a poll in , the French were found to have the highest level of religious tolerance and to be the country where the highest proportion of the population defines its identity primarily in term of nationality and not religion.

In addition, Bastille Day , the national holiday, commemorates the storming of the Bastille on 14 July A common and traditional symbol of the French people is the Gallic rooster.

Its origins date back to Antiquity, since the Latin word Gallus meant both " rooster " and "inhabitant of Gaul". Then this figure gradually became the most widely shared representation of the French, used by French monarchs, then by the Revolution and under the successive republican regimes as representation of the national identity, used for some stamps and coins.

French cuisine is renowned for being one of the finest in the world. There are more than different varieties. The plat principal could include a pot au feu or steak frites.

French cuisine is also regarded as a key element of the quality of life and the attractiveness of France. By , the Michelin Guide had awarded stars to French restaurants, at that time more than any other country, although the guide also inspects more restaurants in France than in any other country by , Japan was awarded as many Michelin stars as France, despite having half the number of Michelin inspectors working there.

In addition to its wine tradition, France is also a major producer of beer and rum. Since , France hosts the annual Tour de France , the most famous road bicycle race in the world.

French martial arts include Savate and Fencing. Football is the most popular sport in France, with over 1,, registered players, and over 18, registered clubs.

The top national football club competition is Ligue 1. It is the premier clay court tennis championship event in the world and the second of four annual Grand Slam tournaments.

Rugby union is popular, particularly in Paris and the southwest of France. Stemming from a strong domestic league , the French rugby team has won 16 Six Nations Championships, including 8 grand slams ; and has reached the semi-final of the Rugby World Cup 6 times, going on to the final 3 times.

Rugby league in France is mostly played and followed in the South of France, in cities such as Perpignan and Toulouse.

The Elite One Championship is the professional competition for rugby league clubs in France. In recent decades, France has produced world-elite basketball players, most notably Tony Parker.

The national team has won two Olympic Silver Medals: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories.

Great Seal of France. Show map of Europe. Source gives area of metropolitan France as , km2 , sq mi and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89, km 2 34, sq mi.

Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic. The CIA reports the total as , km2 , sq mi.

Gaul , Celts , and Roman Gaul. Francia , Merovingian dynasty , and Carolingian dynasty. List of French monarchs and France in the Middle Ages.

Kingdom of France , Capetian dynasty , Valois dynasty , and Bourbon dynasty. France in the 19th century and France in the 20th century. France in the twentieth century.

Administrative divisions of France. Centre- Val de Loire. Pays de la Loire. Foreign relations of France. Bastille Day in Paris. List of French inventions and discoveries.

Demographics of France and French people. Largest cities or towns in France census. Urban area France and Urban unit. French language , Languages of France , and Organisation internationale de la Francophonie.

France portal French language and French-speaking world portal. The overseas territories are not part of the French telephone numbering plan; their country calling codes are: All five are considered integral parts of the French Republic.

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Archived from the original on 21 June La France en Chine in French. Archived from the original on 1 July Archived from the original PDF on 4 October Retrieved 7 January Archived from the original on 13 May Archived from the original on 27 July Archived from the original on 12 July Archived from the original PDF on 22 July Retrieved 22 June Sustainable communities in Europe.

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From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Franks name of France. French 25 June The lands making up the French Republic, shown at the same geographic scale.

Rough results of the first round of the French presidential election Population density in french departements Belfort Territoire de Belfort. National parks of France.

World Heritage Sites in France. Canal du Midi Occitania. Abbey of la Madaleine. Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans. Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe.

Palais des Papes Avignon. Port of the Moon Bordeaux. Neuf-Brisach Fortification de Vauban. Beaches of France and Coasts of France.

Forest of la Coubre. Universities and colleges in France. Town halls in France. Porte des Allemands Metz. Ruines romaines de Glanum. Ponts Couverts, Strasbourg Strasbourg.

Religious buildings in France. Notre Dame de Paris. Monasteries in France and Abbeys in France. Grand Mosque of Paris.

Ancient Roman architecture in France. Romanesque art in France. Gothic art in France. Built entirely without the use of mortar, its construction is thought to have taken about three years using to 1, workers.

The city of Avignon in southeastern France is well known as the former seat of the papacy in the 14th century.

A beach at Nice. The city is a major tourist center and a leading resort along the French Riviera. Farmers market in Nice.

Flowers drip from balconies in the town of Saint-Paul de Vence in Provence. A street market in Beaune, a town located in the heart of the Burgundy wine region.

A street scene in Dijon, the capital of the Burgundy region. The city was first settled by the Romans and then became the domain of the Dukes of Burgundy, who ruled the area until the late s.

It is known for its many architectural styles and hosts the annual Dijon International and Gastronomic Fair. A cafe on a canal in Colmar. The town, situated on the Alsatian Wine Route, was founded in the 9th century.

It reverted to France in Buildings along a canal in Colmar, an Alsatian town known as "Little Venice. Half timbered houses along a shopping street in old Colmar.

A street scene in old Colmar. The picturesque town is a tourist magnet; it annually hosts the Alsatian Wine Fair.

Street scene in the Alsatian town of Colmar. Colorful houses along a canal in Colmar, an Alsatian town with the sobriquet of "Little Venice.

Matthew in the Alsatian town of Colmar was built in the 13th century. Colorful house in the medieval Alsatian town of Riquewihr.

The locale is renowned not only for its historic architecture, but also for the fine wines it produces. The road into Ingersheim on the Alsatian Wine Route.

Vineyards along the Alsatian Wine Route. This church, built in , replaced one dating to medieval times. Street scene in Eguisheim along the Alsace Wine Trail.

Old wine press along the streets of Eguisheim. Strolling through the streets of Eguisheim. Street scene along the flower-lined streets of Eguisheim.

Strasbourg Cathedral was begun in and completed in Although it displays some elements of Romanesque style, it is widely considered to be among the finest examples of high Gothic architecture.

Inside is an unusually accurate clock that has been built and rebuilt three times over the centuries, and which indicates a variety of astronomical data.

The animated figures still move to indicate the hours of the day. The famous west portal of the Strasbourg Cathedral is in the Gothic style and has hundreds of figures sculpted into it.

Rose windows, such as this one in Strasbourg Cathedral, are a common feature of Gothic architecture. Grande Ile is in the Ill River, which runs through Strasbourg.

The entire island has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its buildings showing developing stages of architecture - beginning in the medieval period and working up to the classical period.

Besides Strasbourg Cathedral there are four other venerable churches, as well as the Palais Rohan, a former residence of the prince-bishops of the area.

Constructed in , the structure housed the port and tax authorities, and was used to store and transform goods and merchandise going up and down the Rhine River.

Today the building houses a restaurant. A sightseeing boat along the Ill River in Strasbourg. Walkway along the Ill River in Strasbourg.

A view of the western side of Strasbourg Cathedral. Only one spire was ever completed. View of the Strasbourg Cathedral roof from its spire.

Some of the flying buttresses supporting the cathedral walls can be clearly seen. Looking down on Strasbourg from the Cathedral.

Strasbourg is the capital of the Alsace region and the Bas-Rhin department. It is an important center of manufacturing and engineering, and has a port on the Rhine River.

The Celts first settled the site in about B. It became a part of the Roman Empire in 12 B. The University of Strasbourg is the largest university in France.

The square, constructed between and , was the brainchild of Stanislas Leszczynski, Duke of Lorraine and former King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Nancy became a French province on the death of Stanislas in In , the heads of three countries - Germany, Poland, and France - met here to inaugurate the renovated Place Stanislas.

A statue of Stanislas Leszczynski stands in front of the Town Hall. The Neptune Fountain is one of four waterworks erected by Barthelemy Guibal in Stanislas Square in Nancy; this one was completed in It was erected in the 14th century, and its towers were used as prisons for many years.

Its bell also formerly tolled the curfew. The facade displays a distinctive Lorraine Cross, since the city was the former capital of the Duchy of Lorraine.

By tradition, this is the castle Charles Perrault had in mind when he wrote the Sleeping Beauty fairy tale. The mansion of Clos Luce in Amboise is connected to the nearby royal Chateau by an underground passageway.

It served as the residence of Leonardo da Vinci for the last three years of his life The mansion currently is the museum for the surrounding region and displays 40 models of machines developed by Leonardo.

The Chateau de Chenonceau in the Loire Valley was built in the early 16th century. Statue of Dom Perignon in the town of Epernay. The Benedictine monk made many important contributions to the production and quality of champagne wines.

This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.

Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar. This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the centroid or center point of a country expressed in degrees and minutes; it is based on the locations provided in the Geographic Names Server GNS , maintained by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency on behalf of the US Board on Geographic Names.

This entry includes the name of the Factbook reference map on which a country may be found. Note that boundary representations on these maps are not necessarily authoritative.

The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries. Central America and the Caribbean; Martinique: Central America and the Caribbean; Mayotte: This entry includes three subfields.

This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements revised provided by the US Bureau of the Census.

This entry contains the total length of all land boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the contiguous border countries. When available, official lengths published by national statistical agencies are used.

Because surveying methods may differ, country border lengths reported by contiguous countries may differ. French Guiana - total: This entry gives the total length of the boundary between the land area including islands and the sea.

This entry includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea UNCLOS , which alone contains the full and definitive descriptions: This entry includes a brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.

This entry contains a brief description of the topography. Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic in origin; Martinique: This entry includes both the mean elevation and the elevation extremes.

In general, products appear only if they make a significant contribution to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future. This entry contains the percentage shares of total land area for three different types of land use: This entry gives the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water.

This entry provides a summary description of the population dispersion within a country. While it may suggest population density, it does not provide density figures.

This entry lists potential natural disasters. For countries where volcanic activity is common, a volcanism subfield highlights historically active volcanoes.

Environment - current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions see acid rain.

Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxi. Environment - international agreements: This entry separates country participation in international environmental agreements into two levels - party to and signed, but not ratified.

Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name. This entry includes miscellaneous geographic information of significance not included elsewhere.

This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends.

The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Starting with the Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries mostly African have explicitly taken into account t.

This entry provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective. Frenchman men , Frenchwoman women. This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.

This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages.

When data is available, the languages spoken in each country are broken down according to the percent of the total population speaking each language as a first language.

For those countries without available data, languages are listed in rank order based on prevalence, starting with the most-spoken language.

French, Creole patois, Mahorian a Swahili dialect. This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.

Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace m. This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age.

Information is included by sex and age group as follows: Countries with young populations high percentage under age 15 need to invest more in schools, while countries with older population.

This is the population pyramid for France. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right.

The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top.

The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others.

Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures.

This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older.

It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger and Uganda to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan.

See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a high. The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus or deficit of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country.

The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure e.

Rapid population growth can be seen as. This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1, persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate.

The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.

This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1, population at midyear; also known as crude death rate.

The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth.

This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining.

This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1, persons based on midyear population.

An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration e. The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population chan.

This entry provides two measures of the degree of urbanization of a population. The first, urban population, describes the percentage of the total population living in urban areas, as defined by the country.

The second, rate of urbanization, describes the projected average rate of change of the size of the urban population over the given period of time.

Additionally, the World entry includes a list of the ten largest urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising th. Major urban areas - population: This entry provides the population of the capital and up to six major cities defined as urban agglomerations with populations of at least , people.

An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising the city or town proper and also the suburban fringe or thickly settled territory lying outside of, but adjacent to, the boundaries of the city.

For smaller countries, lacking urban centers of , or more, only the population of the capital is presented. This entry includes the number of males for each female in five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, years, 65 years and over, and for the total population.

Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries.

For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons.

This will affect future marriage patterns and fertilit. This entry provides the mean average age of mothers at the birth of their first child.

It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use — particularly among married and unmarried adolescents — delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.

The maternal mortality rate MMR is the annual number of female deaths per , live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management excluding accidental or incidental causes.

The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.

This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1, live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.

Life expectancy at birth: This entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future.

Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages.

It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.

This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age.

The total fertility rate TFR is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman.

This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replaceme.

This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data.

It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries. This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP.

This entry gives the number of medical doctors physicians , including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1, of the population.

Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine.

They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that f.

This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1, people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability.

Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers.

In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is.

This entry provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.

Improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: This entry provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country.

Improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: Unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: This entry gives an estimate of all people adults and children alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.

This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.

Obesity - adult prevalence rate: This entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP.

Unwetterwarnungen Wallis und Futuna. Die Frühtemperaturen liegen um 7 Grad. Der Flughafen kann mit einem Bus ab dem Flughafen Wien erreicht werden und bei Buchung des Fluges gleich mitbestellt werden. Wenn auf der ganzen südlichen Abdachung mehr trockene Wärme herrscht, so zeigt sich auf der nordwestlichen mehr feuchte Wärme; dort ist das Klima mediterran. Am Vormittag überwiegt oft sonniges Wetter. Die Tiefstwerte in der kommenden Nacht liegen bei rund 2 Grad. Frankreich eignet sich auch als Transitland für Reisen zu den Britischen Inseln. Der Westwind weht schwach. Eine echte Perle ist Trouville-sur-Mer mit seiner Traumkulisse. Die Frühtemperaturen liegen um 4 Grad. Hier finden Sie Verkostungsnotizen oder ergänzende Informationen über den Wein. Öffentliche Parkplätze vor allem in Touristenorten besitzen oft eine Höhenbeschränkung durch eine Tordurchfahrt, um vor allem Campingfahrzeuge fern zu halten. Es weht schwacher Nordwind. Vor dem Käsemuseum sind die Markenzeichen der verschiedenen Camemberts aufgestellt. Beliebte Weine aus dieser Kategorie:. Die "Promenade des Planches" lädt zum Flanieren ein. Werder bremen hoffenheim Ort Camembert ist der Namensgeber jens keller den berühmten Käse. Aus langer Tradition setzt man nun vermehrt auf den Cabernet Franc, der bei den eher kühlen Temperaturen bessere Resultate ergibt als der Cabernet Sauvignon. Wetter in Lille, Duschmarken Bet365 casino askgamblers sind in Frankreich unüblich. Neben der Ausbildung ganz eigener Rebsorten hat dies auch zum einzigartigen sechsjährigen Ausbaustil unter Hefeflor beim Vin Jaune geführt. Auf Grund einer geringeren Preissensibilität der französischen Kunden verlangen die Händler im Durchschnitt höhere Deutschland gegen georgien leipzig. Sernin, mit netten Plätzen, eleganten Lokalen und Geschäften. Wetter in Grenoble, Jeweils ein vielfaches verfügbar!

Frankreich C Video

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Rich in antiquities and picturesque landscapes, the island provinces of Corsica, France, top and Sardinia, Italy, bottom have captured the imaginations of historians and poets alike for centuries.

Corsica, crowned with snow-capped mountains, jeweled with shimmering lakes, and cloaked in misty emerald forests, is situated in the Mediterranean Sea southeast of mainland France.

The island has almost 1, hills and mountains, and is carved by an extensive network of rivers. Stretching across the central, eastern part of Sardinia is the rugged terrain of Gennargentu - mountainous, thickly vegetated, and mostly uninhabited.

View of Gordes in Provence. The buildings are constructed of white stones and rise in tiers above the Imergue Valley on the edge of the Vaucluse Plateau.

The Gordes Castle in Provence dates to The village square in Gordes is adjacent to the Castle. World War I memorial in the Gordes village square.

The Castle on the village square in Gordes, Provence, was partially rebuilt in Fields of lavender in Provence near Roussillon.

A Roman bridge still in use in Provence near Roussillon. View of the village of Roussillon in Provence. The village sits atop the highest hills between the Coulon Valley and the Vaucluse Plateau.

View of an alley in the village of Roussillon in Provence. Village church in Roussillon, Provence. Much of the architecture in Roussillon is colored with earthen tones from a nearby ocher quarry.

The two curved buildings making up the site house a number of museums. The Place de la Concorde in Paris is the largest square in the French capital.

In the center of the Place stands a giant obelisk, transported from Egypt and erected in Containing a hospital and retirement home for war veterans, the site also consists of museums and monuments relating to the military history of France.

Altar in the church of Saint-Ferdinand-des-Ternes in Paris. Flower festooned boat on the Seine River in Paris. Objects dating from prehistory to the 19th century are on display there.

The massive courtyard at the Chateau de Versailles Palace of Versailles. Most of the construction at the sprawling site was carried out in four phases between and , during the reign of Louis XIV.

Built by order of William the Conqueror, the former Benedictine abbey was completed in The tomb of William the Conqueror in the Church of St.

Gardens before the Church of St. Located on a bluff overlooking Omaha Beach one of the landing beaches for the Normandy Invasion of , the cemetery contains the remains of 9, American military dead.

View of the marina outside the walled city of Saint-Malo in Brittany. The city began as a 6th century monastic settlement. Over time its citizens developed a reputation for asserting their autonomy.

From , Saint-Malo declared itself an independent republic. During the 16thth centuries, it was famous as the home of the corsairs French privateers.

Jacques Cartier, the French explorer, called Saint-Malo home. The first colonists of the Falkland Islands came from Saint-Malo. The Chateau de Saint-Malo in Britanny now serves as the town museum and town hall.

The fortified island abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel off the coast of Normandy. At one time the site was disconnected from the coast at high tide, but silting has since connected the island to the mainland.

Today, an operation is underway to desilt the area around the island. It was not until the 8th century that the first monastic establishment appeared on the island.

Before that it was a stronghold of Romano-Breton culture and power. During the Reformation, the popularity of the Mont declined, and during the French Revolution it became a prison which finally closed in Close up of some of the impressive fortifications at Mont-Saint-Michel.

The cloisters at Mont-Saint-Michel. Shops in the town of Cognac, where the famous brandy distilled wine was first developed.

The Chateau fort de Lourdes, which overlooks the town, occupies a strategic position in the Pyrenees. Parts of the structure date back to Roman times.

Pilgrims and visitors at Lourdes. The Rosary Basilica in the foreground serves as an entranceway to the larger Basilica of the Immaculate Conception behind.

Lourdes is the reputed site of 18 Marian apparitions in Some of the massive walls at the fortified town of Carcassone.

A section of the fortifications at Chateau Comtal, part of the larger defenses at the fortress of Carcassone. A street scene on a rainy day in the fortified town of Carcassone.

The ancient Roman arena at Nimes is still in use today. In subsequent centuries it served as a church, a meeting hall, a storehouse, and a stable.

In it became a museum. The Roman aqueduct at Pont du Gard, built during the mid-first century A. Built entirely without the use of mortar, its construction is thought to have taken about three years using to 1, workers.

The city of Avignon in southeastern France is well known as the former seat of the papacy in the 14th century. A beach at Nice. The city is a major tourist center and a leading resort along the French Riviera.

Farmers market in Nice. Flowers drip from balconies in the town of Saint-Paul de Vence in Provence. A street market in Beaune, a town located in the heart of the Burgundy wine region.

A street scene in Dijon, the capital of the Burgundy region. The city was first settled by the Romans and then became the domain of the Dukes of Burgundy, who ruled the area until the late s.

It is known for its many architectural styles and hosts the annual Dijon International and Gastronomic Fair.

A cafe on a canal in Colmar. The town, situated on the Alsatian Wine Route, was founded in the 9th century. It reverted to France in Buildings along a canal in Colmar, an Alsatian town known as "Little Venice.

Half timbered houses along a shopping street in old Colmar. A street scene in old Colmar. The picturesque town is a tourist magnet; it annually hosts the Alsatian Wine Fair.

Street scene in the Alsatian town of Colmar. Colorful houses along a canal in Colmar, an Alsatian town with the sobriquet of "Little Venice.

Matthew in the Alsatian town of Colmar was built in the 13th century. Colorful house in the medieval Alsatian town of Riquewihr. The locale is renowned not only for its historic architecture, but also for the fine wines it produces.

The road into Ingersheim on the Alsatian Wine Route. Vineyards along the Alsatian Wine Route. This church, built in , replaced one dating to medieval times.

Street scene in Eguisheim along the Alsace Wine Trail. Old wine press along the streets of Eguisheim.

Strolling through the streets of Eguisheim. Street scene along the flower-lined streets of Eguisheim. Strasbourg Cathedral was begun in and completed in Although it displays some elements of Romanesque style, it is widely considered to be among the finest examples of high Gothic architecture.

Inside is an unusually accurate clock that has been built and rebuilt three times over the centuries, and which indicates a variety of astronomical data.

The animated figures still move to indicate the hours of the day. The famous west portal of the Strasbourg Cathedral is in the Gothic style and has hundreds of figures sculpted into it.

Rose windows, such as this one in Strasbourg Cathedral, are a common feature of Gothic architecture. Grande Ile is in the Ill River, which runs through Strasbourg.

The entire island has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its buildings showing developing stages of architecture - beginning in the medieval period and working up to the classical period.

Besides Strasbourg Cathedral there are four other venerable churches, as well as the Palais Rohan, a former residence of the prince-bishops of the area.

Constructed in , the structure housed the port and tax authorities, and was used to store and transform goods and merchandise going up and down the Rhine River.

Today the building houses a restaurant. A sightseeing boat along the Ill River in Strasbourg. Walkway along the Ill River in Strasbourg.

A view of the western side of Strasbourg Cathedral. Only one spire was ever completed. View of the Strasbourg Cathedral roof from its spire.

Some of the flying buttresses supporting the cathedral walls can be clearly seen. Looking down on Strasbourg from the Cathedral.

Strasbourg is the capital of the Alsace region and the Bas-Rhin department. It is an important center of manufacturing and engineering, and has a port on the Rhine River.

The Celts first settled the site in about B. It became a part of the Roman Empire in 12 B. The University of Strasbourg is the largest university in France.

The square, constructed between and , was the brainchild of Stanislas Leszczynski, Duke of Lorraine and former King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Nancy became a French province on the death of Stanislas in In , the heads of three countries - Germany, Poland, and France - met here to inaugurate the renovated Place Stanislas.

A statue of Stanislas Leszczynski stands in front of the Town Hall. The Neptune Fountain is one of four waterworks erected by Barthelemy Guibal in Stanislas Square in Nancy; this one was completed in It was erected in the 14th century, and its towers were used as prisons for many years.

Its bell also formerly tolled the curfew. The facade displays a distinctive Lorraine Cross, since the city was the former capital of the Duchy of Lorraine.

By tradition, this is the castle Charles Perrault had in mind when he wrote the Sleeping Beauty fairy tale. The mansion of Clos Luce in Amboise is connected to the nearby royal Chateau by an underground passageway.

It served as the residence of Leonardo da Vinci for the last three years of his life The mansion currently is the museum for the surrounding region and displays 40 models of machines developed by Leonardo.

The Chateau de Chenonceau in the Loire Valley was built in the early 16th century. Statue of Dom Perignon in the town of Epernay.

The Benedictine monk made many important contributions to the production and quality of champagne wines. This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.

Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar. This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the centroid or center point of a country expressed in degrees and minutes; it is based on the locations provided in the Geographic Names Server GNS , maintained by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency on behalf of the US Board on Geographic Names.

This entry includes the name of the Factbook reference map on which a country may be found. Note that boundary representations on these maps are not necessarily authoritative.

The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries. Central America and the Caribbean; Martinique: Central America and the Caribbean; Mayotte: This entry includes three subfields.

This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements revised provided by the US Bureau of the Census.

This entry contains the total length of all land boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the contiguous border countries.

When available, official lengths published by national statistical agencies are used. Because surveying methods may differ, country border lengths reported by contiguous countries may differ.

French Guiana - total: This entry gives the total length of the boundary between the land area including islands and the sea.

This entry includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea UNCLOS , which alone contains the full and definitive descriptions: This entry includes a brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.

This entry contains a brief description of the topography. Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic in origin; Martinique: This entry includes both the mean elevation and the elevation extremes.

In general, products appear only if they make a significant contribution to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future. This entry contains the percentage shares of total land area for three different types of land use: This entry gives the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water.

This entry provides a summary description of the population dispersion within a country. While it may suggest population density, it does not provide density figures.

This entry lists potential natural disasters. For countries where volcanic activity is common, a volcanism subfield highlights historically active volcanoes.

Environment - current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions see acid rain.

Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxi. Environment - international agreements: This entry separates country participation in international environmental agreements into two levels - party to and signed, but not ratified.

Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name. This entry includes miscellaneous geographic information of significance not included elsewhere.

This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends.

The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Starting with the Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries mostly African have explicitly taken into account t.

This entry provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective. Frenchman men , Frenchwoman women. This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.

This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages.

When data is available, the languages spoken in each country are broken down according to the percent of the total population speaking each language as a first language.

For those countries without available data, languages are listed in rank order based on prevalence, starting with the most-spoken language.

French, Creole patois, Mahorian a Swahili dialect. This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.

Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace m. This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age.

Information is included by sex and age group as follows: Countries with young populations high percentage under age 15 need to invest more in schools, while countries with older population.

This is the population pyramid for France. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right.

The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top.

The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends. For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others.

Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures.

This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older.

It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger and Uganda to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan.

See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a high. The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus or deficit of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country.

The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure e.

Rapid population growth can be seen as. This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1, persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate.

The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.

This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1, population at midyear; also known as crude death rate.

The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth.

This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining.

This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1, persons based on midyear population.

An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration e. The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population chan.

This entry provides two measures of the degree of urbanization of a population. The first, urban population, describes the percentage of the total population living in urban areas, as defined by the country.

The second, rate of urbanization, describes the projected average rate of change of the size of the urban population over the given period of time.

Additionally, the World entry includes a list of the ten largest urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising th.

Major urban areas - population: This entry provides the population of the capital and up to six major cities defined as urban agglomerations with populations of at least , people.

An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising the city or town proper and also the suburban fringe or thickly settled territory lying outside of, but adjacent to, the boundaries of the city.

For smaller countries, lacking urban centers of , or more, only the population of the capital is presented. This entry includes the number of males for each female in five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, years, 65 years and over, and for the total population.

Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons.

This will affect future marriage patterns and fertilit. This entry provides the mean average age of mothers at the birth of their first child.

It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use — particularly among married and unmarried adolescents — delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.

The maternal mortality rate MMR is the annual number of female deaths per , live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management excluding accidental or incidental causes.

The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.

This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1, live births in the same year.

This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. Life expectancy at birth: This entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future.

Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages.

It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.

This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age.

The total fertility rate TFR is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman.

This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replaceme.

This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data.

It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries. This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP.

This entry gives the number of medical doctors physicians , including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1, of the population.

Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine.

They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that f.

This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1, people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers.

In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is.

This entry provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.

Improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: This entry provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country.

Improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: Unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: This entry gives an estimate of all people adults and children alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.

This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Obesity - adult prevalence rate: This entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP.

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education: School life expectancy SLE is the total number of years of schooling primary to tertiary that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.

Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or qualit.

Unemployment, youth ages This entry gives the percent of the total labor force ages unemployed during a specified year.

Also see the Terminology note. This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows.

Note that for some countries more than one definition applies. Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i.

Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority. Authoritarian - a form of government in whic.

This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time UTC and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time DST.

Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.

This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN.

Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters.

This entry contains an alphabetical listing of all nonindependent entities associated in some way with a particular independent state.

For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship.

For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession.

For a number of countries, the establishment of statehood. This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day.

Fete de la Federation, 14 July ; note - although often incorrectly referred to as Bastille Day, the celebration actually commemorates the holiday held on the first anniversary of the storming of the Bastille on 14 July and the establishment of a constitutional monarchy; other names for the holiday are Fete Nationale National Holiday and quatorze juillet 14th of July.

The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions and the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution.

A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries. The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: International law organization participation: This entry provides information related to the acquisition and exercise of citizenship; it includes four subfields: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted.

This entry includes five subentries: Chief of state includes the name, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government.

Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a.

Council of Ministers appointed by the president at the suggestion of the prime minister. This entry has three subfields. The description subfield provides the legislative structure unicameral — single house; bicameral — an upper and a lower house ; formal name s ; number of member seats; types of constituencies or voting districts single seat, multi-seat, nationwide ; electoral voting system s ; and member term of office.

The elections subfield includes the dates of the last election and next election. The defeat meant that France became the second nation to have lost the final on home soil, after Portugal lost the final to Greece in In FIFA World Cup qualifying , France topped their group with 23 points; winning 7 wins, drawing 2 and losing once, [47] although their two draws were against considerably weaker nations, drawing 0—0 with Belarus in their opening match [48] and against Luxembourg, failing to secure a win against the latter since , nearly years.

Following the renovation of the Parc des Princes in , which gave the stadium the largest capacity in Paris, France moved into the venue permanently.

Both matches were friendlies. Located in Saint-Denis , a Parisian suburb, the stadium has an all-seater capacity of 81, France won the match 1—0, with Zinedine Zidane scoring the lone goal.

Since that match, France has used the stadium for almost every major home game, including the World Cup final.

Prior to matches, home or away, the national team trains at the INF Clairefontaine academy in Clairefontaine-en-Yvelines.

The center drew media spotlight following its usage as a base camp by the team that won the World Cup. In the 20th and 23rd minute of an international friendly on 13 November , against Germany, three groups of terrorists attempted to detonate bomb vests, at three entrances of Stade de France, and two explosions occurred.

Play would continue, until the 94th minute, in order to keep the crowd from panicking. Consequently, the stadium was evacuated through the unaffected gates of the stadium away from the players benches.

Due to the blocked exits, spectators who could not leave the stadium had to go down to the pitch and wait until it was safer. The current agreement was set to expire following the World Cup.

On 18 December , the Federal Council of the FFF agreed to extend its exclusive broadcasting agreement with the channel.

The new deal grants the channel exclusive broadcast rights for the matches of national team, which include friendlies and international games for the next four seasons beginning in August and ending in June After France wins the second world championship in , M6 together with TF1 broadcast all international fixtures featuring France respectively until The France national team utilizes a three colour system composed of blue, white and red.

France have brandished the colors since their first official international match against Belgium in Between —, France wore a white shirt with blue stripes, white shorts, and red socks.

Beginning in , France had its shirts made by Le Coq Sportif until During the World Cup, France wore an all-white change strip in all four of its knockout matches , including the final.

The first France kit worn in a major tournament produced by Nike was the Euro strip, which was all dark blue and used gold as an accent colour.

The away shirt as worn in pre-Euro friendlies and released to the public also featured one blue sleeve and one red sleeve in reference to the "tricolore".

However, due to UEFA regulations, France was forced to wear a modified version with the sleeve colours almost desaturated in their Euro group stage game against Switzerland, which continued to be worn during World Cup qualifying.

Led by coach Michel Hidalgo , France exhibited an inspiring, elegant, skillful and technically advanced offensive style of football, which was strikingly similar to their South American counterparts.

The France national team has long reflected the ethnic diversity of the country. Already in its first decades, there were in the France national team players that were considered of non-"genuinely" French origin, being descendants of immigrants of former colonies of the French Colonial Empire or of European countries neighboring France.

The first black player to play in the national team was Raoul Diagne in During the s, the team was widely celebrated as an example of the modern multicultural French ideal.

The multiracial makeup of the team has, at times, provoked controversy. In recent years, critics on the far right of the French political spectrum have taken issue with the proportional under-representation of ethnic white Frenchmen within the team.

In , led by Ghanaian-born Marcel Desailly , the French team unanimously and publicly appealed to the French voting public to reject the presidential candidacy of Le Pen and, instead, return President Jacques Chirac to office.

In , Le Pen resumed his criticism charging that coach Raymond Domenech had selected too many black players. The socio-ethnic divide between the public and the team reached a climax during the World Cup.

Once in South Africa, the team did not manage to score a goal in their first two matches, leaving almost no chance of going through save an exceptional win over hosts South Africa.

Thereafter, the players went on strike because of what they saw as mismanagement of the Nicolas Anelka case. Anelka had been forced to depart after a slur that leaked to the press.

Players said he was misquoted, and complained of the alleged leaker from the staff, the media, and the federation.

In , France played a friendly match at the Stade de France, the site of its World Cup triumph, against Algeria. It was never resumed. In April , the French investigative website Mediapart released a story which claimed that the FFF had been attempting to secretly put in place a quota system in order to limit the number of dual-citizenship players in its national academies.

The French government also weighed in on the issue, as then President Nicolas Sarkozy was quoted as being "viscerally opposed to any form of quota", while adding "setting quotas would be the end of the Republic".

Following the investigation, Blanc was cleared of any wrongdoing. The following players have been called up for France squad within the past 12 months.

The France team won their first World Cup title in The tournament was played on home soil and France defeated Brazil 3—0 in the final match.

In , France finished as runners-up losing 5—3 on penalties to Italy. The team has also finished in third place on two occasions in and and in fourth place once in In , the team suffered an unexpected loss to Senegal and departed the tournament without scoring a goal, while in , a French team torn apart by conflict between the players and staff lost two of three matches and drew the other.

In , France advanced to the quarterfinal before losing to the eventual champion, Germany, 1—0. In , France defeated Croatia 4—2 in the final match and won the World Cup for the second time.

France is one of the most successful nations at the UEFA European Championship having won two titles in and The team is just below Spain and Germany who have won three titles each.

France hosted the inaugural competition in and have appeared in nine UEFA European Championship tournaments, tied for fourth-best. France have appeared in two of the eight FIFA Confederations Cups contested and won the competition on both appearances.

The team defeated Japan 1—0 in the final match. In the following Confederations Cup in , France, appearing in the competition as the host country, won the competition beating Cameroon 1—0 after extra time.

Nelson Mandela Inauguration Challenge Cup. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. History of the France national football team.

Stade de la Beaujoire. France national football team all-time record. List of France international footballers , List of France national football team captains , and France national football team records.

Highlighted names denote a player still playing or available for selection. List of leading goalscorers for the France national football team.

List of France national football team managers. Association football portal France portal. Retrieved 20 December Retrieved 29 January Retrieved 7 June Belgium Match Report".

Retrieved 4 June Germany Match Report". Spain and the World Cup holders who crashed out at the group stage".

Retrieved 18 April France failed to score in their opening Euro game against Romania which could leave them with an uphill task to qualify from Group C.

Retrieved 12 October Retrieved 21 June Nicolas Anelka sent home after bust-up". Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 24 July Retrieved 18 August Dimitri Payet scores spectacular late winner".

Hosts romp into Euro semi-finals". Euro semi-final — as it happened". Euro final — as it happened". Griezmann wins Euro best player award Goal.

Hugo Lloris costs Les Bleus with moment of madness". Antoine Griezmann and Olivier Giroud score in win". Brazil the favorite, followed by Germany, Spain and France".

France the favorite to win it all over Croatia on Sunday". Mbappe makes history but La Blanquirroja crash out".

Both sides booed off after first goalless draw of World Cup". France beat Uruguay to reach semi-final". France boss the second man to win a World Cup as captain and coach".

Retrieved 16 July Things we miss about the World Cup". Retrieved 21 May Retrieved 19 April Archived from the original on 21 February Retrieved 22 December Retrieved 27 July United for Peace of Pierce County.

Retrieved 28 July Retrieved 17 August Archived from the original on 12 March Retrieved 25 November Retrieved 9 May French Football Federation in French.

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Frankreich c - apologise, but

Am Vormittag überwiegt oft sonniges Wetter. Die Frühtemperaturen liegen um 3 Grad. Frankreich hat viele Gesichter: Wein, Wein, Wein — darum dreht sich hier alles. Die Frühtemperaturen liegen um den Gefrierpunkt und erreichen bis zum Nachmittag Werte von rund 3 Grad.

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